Black Friday (shopping)

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Visit our wedding shop Shop now. Amy November 24, Black Friday deals are just the beginning—we have more deals this holiday season, starting with our Cyber Monday Deals Week event, featuring great Lightning Deals, and Deals of the Day you won't want to miss. Quali tipi di sconti posso aspettarmi? Elderly Henrietta Winslow lives in an isolated mansion with her housekeeper and beloved cats. It is the day when emergency services activate contingency plans to cope with the increase in workload due to many people going out drinking on the last Friday before Christmas.

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In addition to this, numerous stores in the country run Black Friday promotions in-store and online throughout the country. Black Friday started picking up in New Zealand around In Norway , Black Friday started as a publicity stunt campaign back in to increase the sales to the shopping mall Norwegian Outlet. Since the introduction, it has been promoted every year in a larger and growing market all over the country.

During its first year, it was believed to have attracted an inflow of about 35, regional tourists according to the government's immigration census. Over its first hour run on November 28, , more than 1. There has been growing interest for black Friday in Poland as well. In Spain joined with some small retailers. The celebration became more famous year by year, till the big retailers grew. In the Netherlands Black Friday was seriously introduced in Some years before there were a couple of big and small retailers that used Black Friday in their marketing proposes.

However, with the total of 35 participating stores, can be seen as the year in which Black Friday has started in the Netherlands due to more widespread support of large retailers. The participating shops have increased to over during the Black Friday period of Black Friday in Belgium is seriously marketed by retailers since After , Black Friday in Belgium has grown strongly.

The participating shops have increased to over 70 during the Black Friday period of In Black Friday became widely popular in Latvia. There was even a Black week and Black weekend sales in shopping centres. Black Friday has been increasingly adopted by stores in Brazil since , [78] although not without its share of inflated prices and other scams, especially in its earlier years, earning the nickname " Black Fraude " [79] Black Fraud or also " Black Furadei ", which comes from the slang word " furada ", meaning a "jam" or tough situation, usually involving money.

It is also common to hear Brazilian people say that prices on Brazilian Black Friday are "half of the double". However, currently, the term "Black Friday" has become so popular in the country that stores have been under closer scrutiny from consumers and cases of known scams have been reduced greatly. For centuries, the adjective "black" has been applied to days upon which calamities occurred.

Many events have been described as "Black Friday", although the most significant such event in American History was the Panic of , which occurred when financiers Jay Gould and James Fisk took advantage of their connections with the Grant Administration in an attempt to corner the gold market. When President Grant learned of this manipulation, he ordered the Treasury to release a large supply of gold, which halted the run and caused prices to drop by eighteen percent.

Fortunes were made and lost in a single day, and the president's own brother-in-law, Abel Corbin , was ruined. The earliest known use of "Black Friday" to refer to the day after Thanksgiving occurs in the journal, Factory Management and Maintenance , for November , and again in Here it referred to the practice of workers calling in sick on the day after Thanksgiving, in order to have a four-day weekend.

However, this use does not appear to have caught on. Around the same time, the terms "Black Friday" and "Black Saturday" came to be used by the police in Philadelphia and Rochester to describe the crowds and traffic congestion accompanying the start of the Christmas shopping season. In , the city and merchants of Philadelphia attempted to improve conditions, and a public relations expert recommended rebranding the days, "Big Friday" and "Big Saturday"; but these terms were quickly forgotten.

Use of the phrase spread slowly, first appearing in The New York Times on November 29, , in which it still refers specifically to "the busiest shopping and traffic day of the year" in Philadelphia.

Although it soon became more widespread, The Philadelphia Inquirer reported in that retailers in Cincinnati and Los Angeles were still unaware of the term. As the phrase gained national attention in the early s, merchants objecting to the use of a derisive term to refer to one of the most important shopping days of the year suggested an alternative derivation: Black Friday, under this theory, is the beginning of the period when retailers would no longer be "in the red", instead taking in the year's profits.

In , an internet rumor alleged that the phrase originated in the American south before the Civil War , from the practice of selling slaves on the day after Thanksgiving. This was debunked by Snopes. Despite frequent attempts to control the crowds of shoppers, minor injuries are common among the crowds, usually as a result of being pushed or thrown to the ground in small stampedes.

While most injuries remain minor, serious injuries and even deliberate violence have taken place on some Black Fridays. In , a crowd of approximately 2, shoppers in Valley Stream, New York , waited outside for the 5: As opening time approached, the crowd grew anxious and when the doors were opened the crowd pushed forward, breaking the door down, a year-old employee was trampled to death.

The shoppers did not appear concerned with the victim's fate, expressing refusal to halt their stampede when other employees attempted to intervene and help the injured employee, complaining that they had been waiting in the cold and were not willing to wait any longer.

Shoppers had begun assembling as early as 9: Even when police arrived and attempted to render aid to the injured man, shoppers continued to pour in, shoving and pushing the officers as they made their way into the store. Several other people incurred minor injuries, including a pregnant woman who had to be taken to the hospital. During Black Friday , a Madison, Wisconsin woman was arrested outside of a Toys 'R' Us store after cutting in line , and threatening to shoot other shoppers who tried to object.

She had been asked to leave the store, but refused. He was discovered to also be carrying two knives and a pepper spray grenade. On Black Friday , a woman at a Porter Ranch , California Walmart used pepper spray on fellow shoppers, causing minor injuries to a reported 20 people who had been waiting hours for the store to open. The incident started as people waited in line for the newly discounted Xbox A witness said a woman with two children in tow became upset with the way people were pushing in line.

The witness said she pulled out pepper spray and sprayed the other people in line. On Black Friday , two people were shot outside a Wal-Mart in Tallahassee, Florida , during a dispute over a parking space.

On Black Friday in , a person in Las Vegas who was carrying a big-screen TV home from a Target store on Thanksgiving was shot in the leg as he tried to wrestle the item back from a robber who had just stolen it from him at gunpoint.

The suspect and the dragged officer were treated for shoulder injuries. Three people were arrested. At the Franklin Mills Mall in Philadelphia a fight was caught on camera in which a woman was taken to the ground. The video also caught a separate, possibly related, fight happening simultaneously. Friday morning on November 25, The shooter fired multiple shots, leaving an SUV covered in bullet holes, but the motives remain unclear.

An apparent argument over a parking spot at a Reno Wal-Mart resulted in one of the drivers pulling a weapon who shot and killed a year-old man. That incident technically occurred before Black Friday on the evening of Thanksgiving. Derrick Blackburn, 19, was later arrested for unlawful possession of a weapon. A 61 year old pharmacist, Walter Vance collapsed and was left for dead by shoppers while being trampled and passed by a stampede, with the exception of an off-duty paramedic and a nurse giving CPR to Vance in a Target store in South Charleston, West Virginia during Black Friday , but died soon after.

The day after Thanksgiving as the unofficial start of the holiday shopping season may be linked together with the idea of Santa Claus parades. Parades celebrating Thanksgiving often include an appearance by Santa at the end of the parade, with the idea that 'Santa has arrived' or 'Santa is just around the corner' because Christmas is always the next major holiday following Thanksgiving.

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, many Santa or Thanksgiving Day parades were sponsored by department stores. Department stores would use the parades to launch a big advertising push. Eventually, it just became an unwritten rule that no store would try doing Christmas advertising before the parade was over. Therefore, the day after Thanksgiving became the day when the shopping season officially started. Thanksgiving Day's relationship to Christmas shopping led to controversy in the s.

Retail stores would have liked to have a longer shopping season, but no store wanted to break with tradition and be the one to start advertising before Thanksgiving. For this reason, in , President Franklin D.

Roosevelt issued a presidential proclamation proclaiming Thanksgiving to be the fourth Thursday in November rather than the last Thursday, meaning in some years one week earlier, in order to lengthen the Christmas shopping season.

Other companies followed with "Black Friday in July" deals which were as good as, or better than, those in November. For many years, retailers pushed opening times on Black Friday earlier and earlier, eventually reaching midnight, before opening on the evening of Thanksgiving.

In , Kmart opened at 7: Two years later, a number of retailers began opening at 8: In subsequent years, other stores have followed this trend, opening earlier and earlier on Thanksgiving Day, or remaining open all day, beginning in the early morning hours. Some websites offer information about day-after-Thanksgiving specials up to a month in advance. The text listings of items and prices are usually accompanied by pictures of the actual ad circulars.

These are either leaked by insiders or intentionally released by large retailers to give consumers insight and allow them time to plan. In recent years, some retailers including Walmart , Target , OfficeMax , Big Lots , and Staples have claimed that the advertisements they send in advance of Black Friday and the prices included in those advertisements are copyrighted and are trade secrets.

Some of these retailers have used the take-down system of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act as a means to remove the offending price listings. This policy may come from the fear that competitors will slash prices, and shoppers may comparison shop. The actual validity of the claim that prices form a protected work of authorship is uncertain as the prices themselves though not the advertisements might be considered a fact in which case they would not receive the same level of protection as a copyrighted work.

While some sites have complied with the requests, others have either ignored the threats or simply continued to post the information under the name of a similar-sounding fictional retailer. However, careful timing may mitigate the take-down notice. The court dismissed the case, ruling that only the third-party posters of the advertisements, and not the ISP itself, would have standing to sue the retailers. However, in recent years, the convenience of online shopping has increased the number of cross-border shoppers seeking bargains from outside of the U.

Statistics Canada indicates that online cross-border shopping by Canadians has increased by about M a year since Retailers noticed that many consumers, who were too busy to shop over the Thanksgiving weekend or did not find what they were looking for, shopped for bargains online that Monday from home or work.

In , Hitwise reported that: Thanksgiving weekend offered a strong start, especially as Black Friday sales continued to grow in popularity. For the 2nd consecutive year, Black Friday was the highest day for retail traffic during the holiday season, followed by Thanksgiving and Cyber Monday. As reported in the Forbes "Entrepreneurs" column on December 3, The National Retail Federation releases figures on the sales for each Thanksgiving weekend.

The survey estimates number of shoppers, not number of people. The length of the shopping season is not the same across all years: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Media Guide Holiday Facts and Figure". Archived from the original PDF on November 29, Archived from the original on November 29, Archived from the original PDF on January 12, The New York Times. Retrieved November 21, Retrieved January 23, Retrieved November 15, Retrieved July 16, Retrieved November 27, The towns of Omeo , Pomonal , Warrandyte though this is now a suburb of Melbourne, it was not in and Yarra Glen were also badly damaged.

Around the same time, mid January, bushfires burnt through the Adelaide Hills , precipitated by the same heatwave. Ash from the fires fell as far away as New Zealand. The fires came under control two days later, when rain fell on the night of Sunday the 15th. There were 5 major fire areas. The major fires, listed roughly in order of size, included;.

The subsequent Royal Commission, under Judge Leonard Edward Bishop Stretton known as the Stretton Inquiry , attributed blame for the fires to careless burning, campfires, graziers, sawmillers and land clearing. Prior to 13 January , many fires were already burning. Some of the fires started as early as December , but most of them started in the first week of January Some of these fires could not be extinguished.

Most of the fires Stretton declared, with almost biblical gravity, were lit by the "hand of man". Stretton's Royal Commission has been described as one of the most significant inquiries in the history of Victorian public administration.

As a consequence of Judge Stretton's scathing report, the Forests Commission Victoria gained additional funding and took responsibility for fire protection on all public land including State forests, unoccupied Crown Lands and National Parks plus a buffer extending one mile beyond their boundaries on to private land and its responsibilities grew in one leap from 2.

Stretton's recommendations officially sanctioned and encouraged the common bush practice of controlled burning to minimise future risks. Its recommendations led to sweeping changes including stringent regulation of burning and fire safety measures for sawmills, grazing licensees and the general public, the compulsory construction of dugouts at forest sawmills, increasing the forest roads network and firebreaks, construction of forest dams, fire towers and RAAF aerial patrols linked by the Commissions radio network VL3AA [7] to ground observers.

These pioneering efforts were directed by Geoff Weste. It was estimated that over 6 million cubic meters of timber needed to be salvaged. A massive task made more difficult by labour shortages caused by the Second World War. In fact, there was so much material that some of the logs were harvested and stockpiled in huge dumps in creek beds and covered with soil and treeferns to stop them from cracking only to be recovered many years later.

Further major fires later in the Victorian bushfires season and another Royal Commission by Judge Stretton was a key factor in the founding of the Country Fire Authority CFA for fire suppression on rural land. The environmental effects from the fires continued for many years and some of the burnt dead trees still remain today. Large amounts of animal habitat were destroyed. In affected areas, the soil took decades to recover from the damage of the fires. In some areas, water supplies were contaminated for some years afterwards due to ash and debris washing into catchment areas.

Internationally, south-eastern Australia is considered one of the three most fire-prone landscapes on Earth, along with southern California and the southern Mediterranean [12]. Major Victorian bushfires occurred on Black Thursday in , where an estimated 5 million hectares were burnt, followed by another blaze on Red Tuesday in February in South Gippsland when about , hectares were burnt, 12 people died and more than 2, buildings were destroyed.

The deadly pattern continued with more major fires on Black Sunday on 14 February sees the tally rise to sixty lives being lost and widespread damage to farms, homes and forests. Considered in terms of both loss of property and loss of life the fires were one of the worst disasters, and certainly the worst bushfire event, to have occurred in Australia up to that time.

Only the subsequent Ash Wednesday bushfires in and the Black Saturday bushfires in have resulted in more deaths. In terms of the total area burnt the Black Friday fires are the second largest, burning 2 million hectares, with the Black Thursday fires of having burnt an estimated 5 million hectares.

Putting aside large conflagrations of cities like the Great Fire of Meireki or the Great Fire of London , perhaps the world's worst bushfire was at Peshtigo in Wisconsin in , which burnt nearly 1.

Now largely forgotten, Peshtigo was overshadowed by the Great Fire of Chicago that occurred on the same day.

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Black Friday is an informal name for the day following Thanksgiving Day in the United States, the fourth Thursday of November, which has been regarded as the beginning of the country's Christmas shopping season since Most major retailers open very early, as early as overnight hours, and offer promotional sales. Black Friday is not an . Black Friday Deals -- find this year's lowest prices on electronics, video games, toys, and more. gzhegow.tk is the ultimate destination for all Black Friday sales & shopping tips. From sale dates to best deals, we've got you covered.